Library Subscription: Guest
Home Archives Thermal Letter Officers Future meetings Assembly for International Heat Transfer Conferences
International Heat Transfer Conference 15

ISSN: 2377-424X (online)
ISSN: 2377-4371 (flashdrive)

Investigation of the Flow Distribution for Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Fluid in a Plate Heat Exchanger

Yi-Chun Tang
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 300

Chen-Xi Chu
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 300

Yur-Tsai Lin
Yuan-Ze Institute of Technology

Rony Sian
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 300

Chi-Chuan Wang
Department of Mechanical Engineering Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Chinese Taipei

DOI: 10.1615/IHTC15.hex.008647
pages 3483-3495

KEY WORDS: Heat exchanger, Air conditioning and refrigeration, carbon dioxide, supercritical, pseudo-critical, plate heat exchanger, flow distribution, heat transfer


The present study proposes a plate heat exchanger model that is capable of simulating the supercritical fluids like CO2. The plate heat exchanger is of U-type configuration, and the size of the plate is 600 mm wide and 218 mm in height. Simulations are carried out for both isothermal and non-isothermal cases with water-to-water and water-to-CO2 plate heat exchanger. The proposed model was first compared with some existing water-to-water plate heat exchanger data. Generally, the predicted water flow distributions are in line with the experimental data. Yet the simulation results of temperature distribution alongside the plate agree excellently with other predicted model. For the plate heat exchanger in the water side, it is found that a detectable mal-distribution and the flowrate shows a consistent decline from the first to last plate. Basically, larger mal-distribution is seen when the inlet flowrate is increased or when the plate number is increased. The simulation indicates that the inlet temperature of water casts negligible influence on the water flowrate distribution. This is because the density variation for water is quite small with the temperature. By contrast, it is found that the inlet temperature difference for the CO2 side may raise significant changes of thermodynamics and transport property of CO2, and result in a great difference in flow distribution. Generally the mal-distribution of the CO2 is much less severe due to more even pressure difference between the intake and exhaust manifold. The effect of pressure on heating capacity for the water-CO2 plate heat exchanger also depends on the ratio of heat capacity flow.

Purchase $25.00 Check subscription Download MARC record Publication Ethics and Malpractice Recommend to my Librarian Bookmark this Page