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International Heat Transfer Conference 15

ISSN: 2377-424X (online)
ISSN: 2377-4371 (flashdrive)

Tumor Ablation with Near-Infrared Radiation Using Localized Injection of Nanoparticles

Anup K. Paul
Department of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville Edwardsville, Illinois 62026 USA

Nanda Kishor Bandaru
Heat Transfer and Thermal Power Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department

Arunn Narasimhan
Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Sarit Kumar Das
Heat Transfer and Thermal Power Laboratory, Mechanical Engineering Department,Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India - 600036; Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar-140001, Punjab, India

DOI: 10.1615/IHTC15.bma.009715
pages 1076-1085


KEY WORDS: Bio and medical applications, Numerical simulation and super-computing, Tumor ablation, Hyperthermia, Localized nanoparticle injection, Gold Nanorods.

Abstract

Ablative tumor therapies could provide a robust method for cancer treatment. Many of the safety considerations in surgical intervention suggest the alternative route of laser irradiation for photo-thermal destruction of tissues in presence of gold nanorods. The degree of tissue damage depends on laser irradiation parameters such as power, and image size as well as absorption and scattering properties of tissues. This paper analyzes, using finite modeling, photo-thermal heating of tumor in the presence of intratumorally injected gold nanorods. The Pennes bio-heat transfer equation was solved to compute temperature evolution. A volumetric heat generation based on Beer-Lambert law was used to model the laser heating. The predicted temperatures at the tumor surface were compared with available experimental results and are found to be good. Thermal damage of the tumor tissue was predicted by virtue of denaturation of single protein. It was found that a significant protein denaturation occurs when the temperature reaches around 50 ?C. A parametric study using the numerical model was also performed to quantify the effects of size and depth of the tumor, laser power and the concentration of the nanoparticles. Following intratumoral targeted injection; the computational heat transport modeling can be used to predict photo-thermal heating during laser irradiation.

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